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What Is Venous Insufficiency?

Venous insufficiency is a vascular condition involving the veins of the legs. Varicose veins are often a sign of venous insufficiency.

Veins work to bring blood back to the heart, thus keeping the flow of blood moving throughout the entire body. Occasionally, these veins might weaken and become ineffective. This is most commonly a result of damage to or poorly functioning valves within the veins of your legs.  If this occurs, blood flow decreases, and can accumulate in the legs and cause pain and swelling, especially when standing. This is venous insufficiency.

This is why it is so important to seek treatment for your varicose veins. Varicose veins are a sign of improper blood flow that can lead to complications of venous insufficiency. Consider consulting Via Vascular to discuss possible treatment options, particularly if your varicose veins are causing you any pain,


Certain risk factors can cause venous insufficiency. A family history of varicose veins is a major risk factor.  Also, they are more common in women, but they are not uncommon in men, particularly as they get older. An inactive lifestyle that includes extended periods of sitting and immobility can trigger varicose vein symptoms and increase the chance of venous insufficiency. Similarly, standing in one place for long periods of time can lead to stagnant blood flow and venous insufficiency


Symptoms of venous insufficiency can be similar to that of varicose veins. In fact, varicose veins are a sign of venous insufficiency which makes it critical to make sure that your varicose veins are properly treated. Symptoms include:

  • Burning, throbbing, or achy heavy feeling in your legs
  • Muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
  • Itching around one or more of your veins
  • Painful cord in the vein with red discoloration of the skin
  • Prolonged bleeding from varicose veins
  • Darkened discoloration in the ankles
  • Non-healing wounds in the shins or ankles
  • If pain increases when standing and decreases when the legs are raised, then venous insufficiency should be suspected.

Treatment of Venous Insufficiency

In treating your varicose veins, Via Vascular can both diagnose and treat venous insufficiency. We can assist you in both non-invasive and minimally invasive therapies, helping you understand this disease and avoid the complications that can occur.

Compression stockings are first line therapy.  They put gentle pressure on the legs to get the blood moving, increasing the flow of blood through the legs. They also can help with swelling.  As this is one of the main issues with venous insufficiency, they are a great first step. Periodic movement and stretching can get the blood flowing and the veins functioning properly. Similarly to treatment of varicose veins, compression socks can assist in the treatment of venous insufficiency.

In some cases, minimally invasive in office surgery might be indicated.   If so, the goal of the therapy would be to eliminate the non-functioning veins, allowing the blood to re-route through the many remaining normal veins.  Specific techniques include endovenous laser treatment, microphlebectomy, or sclerotherapy.

About Via Vascular

Via Vascular is a leader in the treatment of varicose and spider veins. We provide excellent solutions through treatments like endovenous laser treatment and microphlebectomy. Our procedures are minimally invasive with no required hospital time. For more information or to set up an appointment, please call us at (206) 525-8346 or contact us online here.

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